Tree

A tree algorithm with forward pruning.

Inputs
Data
input dataset
Preprocessor
preprocessing method(s)
Outputs
Learner
decision tree learning algorithm
Model
trained model

Tree is a simple algorithm that splits the data into nodes by class purity. It is a precursor to Random Forest. Tree in Orange is designed in-house and can handle both discrete and continuous datasets.

It can also be used for both classification and regression tasks.

../../_images/Tree-stamped.png
  1. The learner can be given a name under which it will appear in other widgets. The default name is “Tree”.
  2. Tree parameters: - Induce binary tree: build a binary tree (split into two child nodes) - Min. number of instances in leaves: if checked, the algorithm will never construct a split which would put less than the specified number of training examples into any of the branches. - Do not split subsets smaller than: forbids the algorithm to split the nodes with less than the given number of instances. - Limit the maximal tree depth: limits the depth of the classification tree to the specified number of node levels.
  3. Stop when majority reaches [%]: stop splitting the nodes after a specified majority threshold is reached
  4. Produce a report. After changing the settings, you need to click Apply, which will put the new learner on the output and, if the training examples are given, construct a new classifier and output it as well. Alternatively, tick the box on the left and changes will be communicated automatically.

Examples

There are two typical uses for this widget. First, you may want to induce a model and check what it looks like in Tree Viewer.

../../_images/Tree-classification-visualize.png

The second schema trains a model and evaluates its performance against Logistic Regression.

../../_images/Tree-classification-model.png

We used the iris dataset in both examples. However, Tree works for regression tasks as well. Use housing dataset and pass it to Tree. The selected tree node from Tree Viewer is presented in the Scatter Plot and we can see that the selected examples exhibit the same features.

../../_images/Tree-regression-subset.png